Stye (Chalazion)

A stye, also known as a chalazion, is a common condition that presents as a lump along the upper or lower eyelids, usually caused by the inflammation or infection of the oil glands. You might observe a small, non-tender bump under the eyelid skin, or a red and painful lump that closely resembles a boil.

Every time we blink, a series of oil glands along the eyelid margin near the eyelashes produce oil. This oil mixes with our tears, ensuring the surface of our eyes remains clear and lubricated. In some individuals, these secretions can thicken and clog the gland orifices, leading to the accumulation of sebaceous material within the gland, subsequently causing a stye. Several factors can increase the risk of developing a stye:


  • Prior history of chalazion or eyelid inflammation
  • Previous history of eyelid infections or blepharitis
  • Hormonal changes, especially during puberty
  • Skin conditions such as acne, rosacea, or seborrheic keratosis
  • Excessive application of makeup close to the eyelashes

A stye presents itself with swelling and inflammation of the glands and surrounding tissue. Patients may also experience discharge, redness, and pain in the affected area. If left untreated, styes can lead to a severe complication called orbital cellulitis.

Best Stye Treatment and Self-Care Practices

With expert guidance from Dr. Surbhi Kapadia, stye treatment in Vadodara can be managed through medical intervention or conservative practices. The method of treatment would largely depend on the severity and progression of the condition. In some cases, a minor, non-risky surgical drainage procedure may be necessary.

For stye self-care, patients are advised to avoid touching or rubbing the infected eye and to maintain good hygiene. Regular cleaning of the eye area with baby shampoo or a prescribed cleaning solution can help soothe the irritation. Stye medication or antibiotic eye drops for stye might also be prescribed for managing the condition at home.

Frequently Asked Questions About Stye (Chalazion)

In most patients, a stye can be managed medically or conservatively if consulted in time. In a few cases, a minor, non-risky surgical drainage procedure may be required.

Stye removal surgery is typically minor and well-tolerated by most patients.

Post surgery, the eye might need to be patched for 2 to 4 hours. After this period, the patch can usually be removed.

Post eyelid surgery, there may be minor discomfort or swelling, which generally recovers within 4 to 7 days.

Post-surgery, it is essential to follow your ophthalmologist’s advice. Patients should avoid rubbing or washing the operated area for the first week.


Stye or chalazion treatment typically involves conservative measures like warm compresses and gentle massage of the affected eyelid. In some cases, antibiotic eye drops or ointments may be prescribed. If the chalazion persists, a minor surgical procedure may be necessary for its removal.

While both a stye and chalazion are lumps on the eyelid, they are different. A stye is often painful and appears along the edge of the eyelid, whereas a chalazion is usually a painless bump situated under the eyelid skin.

In some cases, a chalazion may resolve on its own over several weeks. However, larger chalazia that persist may require medical treatment or a minor surgical procedure for their removal.

Both a chalazion and a stye are caused by the blockage of oil glands in the eyelids. A stye typically results from an infection of these glands, while a chalazion occurs when the gland blockage leads to a fluid-filled cyst.

The cost of a prosthetic eye varies depending on the complexity of the case and the type of prosthesis used. It’s best to consult with your eye specialist for an accurate quote.

If you notice a stye forming or are dealing with recurrent stye issues, don’t hesitate to consult Dr. Surbhi Kapadia, a leading eye specialist in Vadodara. With years of experience and a patient-focused approach, Dr. Kapadia is dedicated to offering the best stye treatment for each patient.

Antibiotics can treat the infection associated with a blocked tear duct but won’t necessarily clear the blockage itself. If the tear duct blockage is due to swelling or inflammation, the antibiotics might indirectly help by reducing these symptoms. However, in case of physical obstruction, a surgical procedure might be required.