Dry eyes can be a real problem, often leaving us with watery and itchy eyes with a constant pricking sensation. Dry eyes are common and can occur because of various reasons. Treatment for dry eyes will vary depending on the cause. Treating the underlying contributing medical issue if any could be helpful.
Dry Eye Symptoms and Causes
Typical signs of dry eye include a burning sensation in the eyes, stringy mucus strands in or around the eyes, sensitivity to light, and redness in the eyelids and/or conjunctiva. In very severe and neglected cases it can lead to permanent vision loss. These symptoms may be brought on by several circumstances, including but not limited to aging, environmental variables, drugs, and health issues.
Causes of Dry Eyes
- Environmental factors: Dry weather, windy conditions, smoke, and dust can all contribute to dry eyes. Individuals staying in places with extreme weather conditions which result in increased use of Air conditioners and room heaters are prone to develop dry eyes.
- Medications: Certain types of medication can cause dryness of the eyes as a side effect. These include antihistamines, decongestants, beta-blockers, and antidepressants.
- Health conditions: Diseases such as Sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, lupus erythematosus, thyroid disorders, and Vitamin A deficiency can all lead to dry eyes. Menopause is commonly associated with dry eyes.
- Professions: Software engineers, App developers, indoor professions with high-screen users.
4 Tips to Reduce Dryness
- Increase your blink rate: Blinking helps keep your eyes lubricated by distributing tears evenly over the surface of your eyes. If you work at a computer, make a conscious effort to blink your eyes more frequently.
- Minimize exposure to wind and dry air: If you live in a dry climate, run a humidifier in your home and office to help keep the air moist.
- Try omega-3 supplements: Some research suggests that omega-3 fatty acids may help reduce inflammation and improve tear.
- Hot fomentation: Warm compresses over closed eyes for 5-7 minutes on a daily basis ensures good eyelid hygiene and function and hence results in a more stable tear film.
Learning the signs and causes of dry eye can help you figure out what’s wrong with your eyes and how to treat them. With the help of Dr. Surbhi Kapadia and her expertise, you can find the best way to take care of your eyes so that they are healthy and comfortable, and you won’t be bothered by dryness or irritation in your eyes. A regular detailed eye evaluation with state-of-the-art equipment and tips on daily eye care routines will help you get happy and healthy eyes! For Dry eyes, preventive care is the new cure!