Encountering blood within the eye, an instance medically referred to as Subconjunctival hemorrhage, can be startling and raise immediate concerns. However, this condition is usually not as grave as it appears. Dr. Surbhi Kapadia, recognized as the best eye surgeon in Vadodara, demystifies this alarming phenomenon to educate the masses on its implications, assuaging unwarranted fears and promoting proactive eye health management.
Definition of Subconjunctival Haemorrhage
Subconjunctival haemorrhage is characterised by the sudden occurrence of a bright red patch in the white part of the eye. This condition arises when tiny blood vessels located between the clear conjunctiva and the sclera burst, causing blood to accumulate in the space. Although visually disturbing, it typically doesn’t pose serious threats or impact central vision when limited to a small patch.
Causes of Subconjunctival Haemorrhage
Bursting Blood Vessels
The intricate network of minuscule blood vessels beneath the conjunctiva can, at times, rupture, leading to bleeding in the white portion of the eye. These vessels can burst due to various factors, causing the blood to get trapped between the conjunctiva and the sclera.
Eye or Head Injury: A sudden, forceful impact can cause blood vessels to burst. Coughing, Sneezing, or Vomiting: Extreme pressure due to these actions can lead to vessel rupture.
Eye Rubbing: Excessive rubbing can cause trauma to the tiny blood vessels.
High Blood Pressure: It can put a strain on the blood vessels, making them susceptible to rupture.
Bleeding Disorders or Tendency to Bleed Easily: Conditions like haemophilia can predispose individuals to Subconjunctival haemorrhage.
Medications, such as Aspirin: Some medicines can thin the blood, increasing the risk of bleeding.
Strenuous Activity, e.g., Heavy Lifting: It can elevate blood pressure transiently, causing the blood vessels to burst.
Signs and Symptoms
The primary indication is a conspicuous bright red patch in the eye. Some might experience mild irritation or a scratching sensation, although it generally doesn’t affect vision or cause pain.
In most instances, Subconjunctival Haemorrhage requires no specific treatment as it usually resolves on its own in about two weeks.
When to Consult a Doctor
A. Recurrent Subconjunctival Haemorrhages:
Frequent occurrences necessitate medical consultation to ascertain underlying conditions. It might be evaluated by an MRI scan to look for any orbital space occupying lesions.
B. Lack of Recent Blood Pressure Check:
Regular monitoring is crucial to avoid complications related to high blood pressure.
C. Bleeding in Other Body Parts:
It may signal systemic bleeding disorders and requires immediate attention.
D. Suspected Eye Injury:
Prompt medical intervention is imperative to avoid long-term damage.
E. Importance of seeking medical assistance:
Consulting a renowned specialist like Dr. Surbhi Kapadia at one of the top 10 eye hospitals in Vadodara is crucial to addressing any underlying concerns and ensuring optimal eye health.
A Subconjunctival Haemorrhage, symbolized by a red patch in the eye, is usually benign and resolves without treatment in two weeks. However, understanding its causes, recognising associated symptoms, and knowing when to seek professional advice is paramount. Dr. Surbhi Kapadia, the best eye doctor and a beacon in eye disease treatment, advocates for heightened awareness and timely intervention to safeguard ocular well-being against the myriad of potential threats that could compromise it.
The unveiling of the mystery behind blood in the eye is instrumental in promoting awareness and alleviating undue panic among the general public. A nuanced understanding of Subconjunctival haemorrhage, championed by experts like Dr Surbhi Kapadia, empowers individuals to adopt a proactive approach to eye health, ensuring the beauty of vision is preserved for a lifetime.